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Older than 2015


  1. “High-Resolution Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy of Ferritin in Biocompatible Graphene Liquid Cells and Graphene Sandwiches,” Wang, Q. Qiao, T. Shokuhfar, and R.F. Klie, Advanced Materials, 26, 3410-3414 (2014)
  2. “Atomic scale study of polar Lomer-Cottrell and Hirth lock dislocation cores in CdTe,” T. Paulauskas, C. Buurma, E. Colegrove, B. Stafford, Z. Guo, M. K. Y. Chan, C. Sun, M. J. Kim, S. Sivananthan and F. Klie, Acta Crystallographica A-Foundation and Advances, 70, 524-531 (2014)
  3. “Atomic-resolution characterization of the effects of CdCl2 treatment on poly-crystalline CdTe thin films,” T. Paulauskas, Buurma, E. Colegrove, Z. Guo, S. Sivananthan, M.K.Y. Chan, and R.F. Klie, Applied Physics Letters, 105(7), 071910 (2014)
  4. “Direct observation of the structural and electronic changes of Li2MnO3 during electron irradiation,” P.J. Phillips, H. Iddir, D.P. Abraham, and F. Klie, Applied Physics Letters, 105(11), 13905 (2014)
  5. “Deep ultraviolet emitting polarization induced nanowire light emitting diodes with AlxGa1-xN active regions,” T.F. Kent, S.D. Carnevale, A.T.M.Sarwar,  J. Phillips, R.F. Klie, R.C. Myers, Nanotechnology, 25(45), 455201 (2014)
  6. “Correlating the degree of metal-promoter interaction to ethanol selectivity over MnRh/CNTs CO hydrogenation catalysts,” J. Liu, Z. Guo, D. Childers, N. Schweitzer, C.L. Marshall, F. Klie, J.T. Miller, R.J. Meyer, Journal of Catalysis, 312, 149-158 (2014)
  7. “Robust Carbon Dioxide Reduction on Molybdenum Disulfide Edges,” M. Asadi, B. Kumar, A. Behranginia, B.A. Rosen, A. Baskim, N. Renin, D. Pisasale, P.J. Phillips, W. Zhu, R. Haasch, F. Klie, P. Kral, J. D. Abaiade, A. Salehi-Khjin, Nature Communications, 5, 4470 (2014)
  8. “Highly lattice-mismatched semiconductor-metal hybrid nanostructures: gold nanoparticle encapsulated luminescent silicon quantum dots,” M. Ray, T.S. Basu,N.R. Bandyopadhyay, F. Klie, S. Ghosh, S.O. Raja, A.K. Dasgupta, Nanoscale, 6(4), 2201-2210 (2014)
  9. “Chemical Sensing with Switchable Transport Channels in Graphene Grain Boundaries,” Yasaei, B. Kumar, R. Hantehzadeh, M. Kayyalha, A. Baskin, N. Repnin, C. Wang, R.F. Klie, Y.P. Chen, P. Král, A. Salehi-Khojin, Nature Communications, 5, 4911 (2014)
  10. “Phonon and thermal transport properties of the misfit-layered oxide thermoelectric Ca3Co4O9 from first principles,” A. Rebola, F. Klie, P. Zapol, S. Ogut, Applied Physics Letters, 104 (25), 251910 (2014)
  11. “Selective Adsorption of Manganese onto Rhodium for Optimized Mn/Rh/SiO2 Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts,” J. Liu, R. Tao, Z. Guo, J.R.Regalbuto, C.L. Marshall, F. Klie, J.T. Miller, R.J. Meyer, ChemCatChem, 6 (7), 1817-1818 (2014)
  12. “A New Silicon Drift Detector for High Spatial Resolution STEM-XEDS: Performance and Applications,” P.J. Phillips, T. Paulauskas, N. Rowlands, A.W. Nicholls, K.B. Low, S. Bhadare, F. Klie, Microscopy and Microanalysis, 20(4), 1046-105 (2014)
  13. “Lithiation-induced shuffling of atomic stacks,” Nie, Y. Cheng, Y. Zhu, H. Asayesh-Ardakani, R.  Tao, F. Mashayek, Y. Han, U Schwingenschlogl, R.F. Klie, S. Vaddiraju, and R. Shabharian-Yasser, Nanoletters, 14(9), 5301-7 (2014)
  14. “Reversible Modulation of Orbital Occupations via an Interface-Induced Polar State in Metallic Manganites,” H. Chen, Q. Qiao; M.S.J Marshall, B. Georgescu, A. Gulec, P.J. Phillips, R.F. Klie, F.J. Walker, C.H. Ahn, S. Ismail-Beigi, Nanoletters, 14 (9), 4065-70 (2014)
  15. “The new JEOL JEM-ARM200CF at the University of Illinois at Chicago,” F. Klie, A. Gulec, Z. Guo, T. Paulauskas,  Q. Qiao, R. Tao, C. Wang,  K.B. Low, A.W.  Nicholls, and P.J. Phillips, Crystal Research and Technology, 49(9), 653-662 (2014)
  16. “Direct measurement of the low temperature spin state transitions in La1-xSrxCoO3 (0.05 < x < 0.3),” Gulec and R.F. Klie, Journal of Applied Physics, 116(23), 233701 (2014) [Cover of JAP Issue]


  1. “Selective Adsorption of Manganese onto Rhodium for Optimized Mn/Rh/SiO2 Alcohol Synthesis Catalysts,” J. Liu, R. Tao, Z. Guo, J.R. Regalbuto, C.L. Marshall, F. Klie, J.T. Miller, and R.J. Meyer, Chemcatchem, 5(12), 3665-3672 (2013)
  2. “Creating a single twin boundary between two CdTe (111) wafers with controlled rotation angle by wafer bonding,” C. Sun, N. Lu, J. Wang, J. Lee, X. Peng, F. Klie and M.J. Kim, Applied Physics Letters, 103, 252104 (2013)
  3. “On the visibility of very thin specimens in annular bright field scanning transmission electron microscopy ,” P.J. Phillips and F. Klie, Applied Physics Letter, 103 (3), 033119 (2013)
  4. “Evolution of strain in aluminum gallium nitride/gallium nitride high electron mobility transistors under on-state bias,” H. Ghassemi, A. Lang, C. Johnson, C. R. Wang, B. Song, B.P. Phillips, Q.  Qiao, F. Klie, H.G. Xing, H. G. and M.L. Taheri, Journal of Applied Physics, 114(6), 064507 (2013)
  5. “Low temperature study of structural phase transitions in niobium hydrides,” Tao, A. Romanenko, L. D. Cooley, and R. F. Klie, Journal of Applied Physics, 114(4), 044306 (2013)
  6. “Full-Scale Characterization of UVLED AlxGa1–xN Nanowires via Advanced Electron Microscopy,”J. Phillips, S.D. Carnevale, R. Kumar, R.C. Myers, and R.F. Klie, ACS Nano,7(6), 5045-5051 (2013)
  7. “Atomic-Scale Observation of Lithiation Reaction Front in Nanoscale SnO2 Materials,”L.Y. Nie, Y. Gan, Y. Cheng, H. Asayesh-Ardakani, Q. Li, C. Dong, R. Tao, F. Mashayek, H.-T. Wang, U. Schwingenschlögl, R.F. Klie, and R.S. Yassar, ACS Nano, 7(7), 6203-6211 (2013)
  8. “Mixed Polarity in Polarization-Induced p–n Junction Nanowire Light-Emitting Diodes ,” S.D. Carnevale, T.F. Kent, P.J. Phillips, A.T.M.G. Sarwar, C. Selcu, F. Klie, and R.C. Myers,. Nano Letters,13(7), 3029-3035 (2013)
  9. “In Situ Study of Nb Oxide and Hydride for SRF Cavity Applications Using Aberration-Corrected STEM and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy,” R. Tao and F. Klie, IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 23(3), 7100703 (2013)
  10. “Epitaxial ferroelectric oxides on semiconductors – A route towards negative capacitance devices,” R. Droopad, R. Contreras-Guerrero, J.P Veasey, Q. Qiao, F. Klie, J. Levy, Microelectronic Engineering, 109, 290-293 (2013)
  11. “Direct Atomic-Scale Imaging of Hydrogen and Oxygen Interstitials in Pure Niobium Using Atom-Probe Tomography and Aberration-Corrected Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy,” Y.J. Kim, R. Tao, F. Klie, D.N. Seidman, ACS Nano, 7(1), 732-739 (2013)


  1. “Identification of light elements in silicon nitride by aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy,” J.C, Idrobo, W. Walkosz, F. Klie, S.Ogut, Ultramicroscopy, 123, 74-79 (2012)
  2. “A study of the effect of iron island morphology and interface oxidation on the magnetic hysteresis of Fe-MgO (001) thin film composites,”R. Spurgeon, J.D. Sloppy, R. Tao, R.F. Klie, S.E. Lofland, J.K. Baldwin, A. Misra, M.L. Taheri, Journal of Applied Physics, 112(1) (2012)
  3. “Observations of Co4+ in a higher spin-state and the increase in the Seebeck coefficient of thermoelectric Ca3Co4O9,” F. Klie, Q. Qiao, T. Paulauskas, A. Gulec, A. Rebola, S. Ogut, M.P. Prange, J.C. Idrobo, and S.T. Pantelides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108(19), 196601 (2012)
  4. “First principles study of the atomic and electronic structures of misfit-layered calcium cobaltite (Ca2CoO3)(CoO2)62 using rational approximants,” A. Rebola, R.F. Klie, P. Zapol, and S. Ogut, Physical Review B, 85(15), 155132 (2012)
  5. “Atomic and electronic structures of SrTiO3/GaAs hetero-interfaces,” Q. Qiao, J. C. Idrobo, S. Ogut, and F. Klie, Phys. Rev. B, 85(16), 165406 (2012)
  6. “Examining the structure and bonding in complex oxides using aberration-corrected imaging and spectroscopy,” F. Klie, Q. Qiao, T. Paulauskas, Q. Ramasse, M.P. Oxley, J.C. Idrobo, Phys. Rev. B, 85(5), 054106 (2012)


  1. “Electron energy loss spectroscopy study of metallic Nb and Nb oxides,” R. Tao, Todorovic, J. Liu, R.J. Meyer,  A. Arnold, W. Walkosz, P. Zapol,  A. Romanenko, L.D. Cooley, and R.F. Klie, J. Appl. Phys, 110(12),124313, (2011)
  2. “Temperature dependent photoluminescence from porous silicon nanostructures: Quantum confinement and oxide related transitions,“ M. Ray, N.R. Bandyopadhyay, U. Ghanta, F. Klie, A.K. Pramanick, S. Das, S. K. Ray, and S.M. Hossain, J. Appl. Phys, 110 (9), 094309, (2011)
  3. “Effect of substrate on the atomic structure and physical properties of thermoelectric Ca3Co4O9 thin films,” Q. Qiao, A. Gulec, T. Paulauskas, S. Kolesnik, B. Dabrowski, B.M. Ozdemir, C. Boyraz, D. Mazumdar, A. Gupta, F. Klie, J. Phys. Cond. Mat., 23(30), 305005 (2011)
  4. “Analytical Scanning Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of the Support Effects in Mn-promoted Co Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts,” Y. Zhao, T.E. Feltes, J.R. Regalbuto, R.J. Meyer, and F. Klie, Catalysis Science and Technology, 1(8), 1483-89, (2011)
  5. “Synthesis and Characterization of Semiconductor Tantalum Nitride Nanoparticles,” C.T. Ho, K.B. Low, F. Klie, K. Maeda, K. Domen, R.J. Meyer, P.T. Snee, J. Phys. Chem. C, 115 (3), 647–652 (2011)
  6. “In-situ electron energy loss spectroscopy study of Mn-promoted Co/TiO2 Fischer-Tropsch catalysts,” Y. Zhao, T.E. Feltes, J.R. Regalbuto, R.J. Meyer, F. Klie, Cat. Lett., 141(5), 641-648 (2011)


  1. “Free standing luminescent silicon quantum dots: evidence of quantum confinement and defect related transitions,” M. Ray, S.M. Hossain, F. Klie, K. Banerjee, S. Ghosh, Siddhartha, Nanotechnology, 21(50), 505602  (2010)
  2. “The Influence of Preparation Method on Mn-Co Interactions in Mn/Co/TiO2 Fischer-Tropsch Catalysts,” T.E. Feltes, Y. Zhao, F. Klie, R.J. Meyer, J.R. Regalbuto, ChemCatChem,  2(9), 1065-1068 (2010)
  3. “In situ electron energy loss spectroscopy study of metallic Co and Co oxides,” Y. Zhao, T.E. Feltes, J.R. Regalbuto, R.J. Meyer, F. Klie, J. Appl. Phys., 108(6), 063704 (2010)
  4. “Crystal-induced effects at crystal/amorphous interfaces: The case of Si3N4/SiO2,” W. Walkosz, F. Klie, S. Ogut, B. Mikijelj, S.J. Pennycook, S.T. Pantelides, J.C. Idrobo, Phys. Rev. B, 82(8), 081412 (2010)
  5. “Growth of PbSe on ZnTe/GaAs(211)B by molecular beam epitaxy,” X.J. Wang, Y.B. Hou, Y. Chang, C.R. Becker, F. Klie, R. Kodama, F. Aqariden, S. Sivananthan, J. Cryst. Growth, 312(7), 910-913 (2010)
  6. “Luminescent core-shell nanostructures of silicon and silicon oxide: Nanodots and nanorods,” M. Ray, T.S. Basu, A. Jana, N.R. Bandyopadhyay, S.M. Hossain, A.K. Pramanick, F. Klie, J. Appl. Phys, 107(6), 064311 (2010)
  7. “Direct measurement of ferromagnetic ordering in biaxially strained LaCoO3 thin films,” F. Klie, T. Yuan, M. Tanase, G. Yang, and Q. Ramasse, Appl. Phys. Lett., 96 (1), 082510 (2010)


  1. “Detection and identification of light impurities by electron microscopy,” J.C. Idrobo, M.P. Oxley, W. Walkosz, F. Klie, S. Ögüt, B. Mikijelj, S.J. Pennycook, S.T. Pantelides, Appl. Phys. Lett., 95, 164101  (2009)
  2. “Microstructure of Heteroepitaxial ZnTe Grown on GaAs(211)B by Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” J. Wang, Y.B.Hou, Y. Chang, C.H. Becker, R.F. Klie, S. Sivananthan, J. Electr. Mat., 38(8), 1776-1780 (2009)
  3. “Structural-Dielectric Property Relation from Compositional Tuning of Atomic Layer Deposited Yttrium-stabilized Hafnium Oxide Films,” Q. Tao, G.M. Jursich, P. Majumder, Singh, W. Walkosz, P. Gu, R.F. Klie, C.G. Takoudis, Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 12 (9), G 50-53 (2009)
  4. “Heteroepitaxy of PbSe on GaAs(100) and GaAs(211)B by molecular beam epitaxy,” X.J. Wang, Y.B. Hou, Y. Chang, C.H. Becker, F. Klie, T.W. Kang, R. Sporken, S. Sivananthan, J. Crystal Growth, 311 (8), 2359-2362 (2009)
  5. “Composition-Structure-Dielectric Property of Yttrium-Doped Hafnium Oxide Films Deposited by Atomic Layer Deposition,” Q. Tao, G. Jursich, P. Majumder, M. Singh, W. Walkosz, P. Gu, F. Klie, and C.G Takoudis, Electroch. Solid-State Lett., 12(9), G50-53 (2009)
  6. “Synthesis of Uniform Diameter Boron-Based Nanostructures Using a Mesoporous Mg-Al2O3 Template and Tests for Superconductivity,” E. Iyyamperumal, F. Fang, A.B. Posadas, C. Ahn, F. Klie, Y. Zhao, G.L. Haller, L.D. Pfefferle, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113(41), 17661-17668 (2009)
  7. “Direct Measurement of Co-ion Spin State Transitions in Ca3Co4O9 using Variable-temperature Electron Energy-loss Spectroscopy,” Yang, Q. Ramasse, and R.F. Klie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 093112 (2009)
  8. “Effect of number of walls on plasmon behavior in carbon nanotubes,” M.H. Upton, R.F. Klie, J.P. Hill, T. Gog, D. Casa, W. Ku, Y. Zhu, M.Y. Sfeir, J. Misewich, G. Eres, D. Lowndes, Carbon, 47(1), 162-168 (2009)55.  “Aberration-corrected Z-contrast imaging of SrTiO3 dislocation cores,” R.F. Klie, W. Walkosz, Y. Zhao, G. Yang, Journal of Electron Microscopy, 58 (3), 185-191 (2009)


  1. “Atomic Resolution Study of the Interfacial Bonding at Si3N4/CeO2-δ Grain Boundaries,” W. Walkosz, F. Klie, S. Öğüt , A. Borisevich, P. F. Becher, S. J. Pennycook, and J.C. Idrobo, Appl. Phys. Lett., 93, 053104 (2008)
  2. “Characterization of PbSnSe/CdTe/Si (211) Epilayers Grown by Molecular Beam Epitaxy,” X.J. Wang, C. Fulk, F.H. Zhao, D.H. Li, S. Mukherjee, Y. Chang, R. Sporken, F. Klie, Z. Shu, C.H. Grein and S. Sivananthan, Journal of Electronic Materials (2008)
  3. “High-resolution Z-contrast imaging and EELS study of functional oxide materials,” F. Klie, Y. Zhao, G. Yang, and Y. Zhu, Micron 39(6), 723-733 (2008)
  4. “Atomic-resolution STEM in the aberration-corrected JEOL JEM2200FS,” F. Klie, C.J. Johnson, Y. Zhu, Microscopy & Microanalysis 14(1), 104-112 (2008)
  5. “Direct measurement of charge transfer in thermoelectric Ca3Co4O9,” G. Yang, Q. Ramasse, and R.F. Klie, Phys. Rev. B 78(15) (2008)57.  “Reconstructions and nonstoichiometry of oxygenated β-Si3N4 (10-10) surfaces,” W. Walkosz, J.C. Idrobo, R.F. Klie and S. Ogut, Phys. Rev. B 78 (16) (2008)


  1. “Enhanced optical absorption induced by dense nanocavities inside titania nanorods,” W. Q. Han, L. J. Wu, F. Klie, and Y.M. Zhu, Adv. Mat., 19 (18),  2525 (2007)
  2. “Polaron melting and ordering as key mechanisms for colossal resistance effects in manganites,” Jooss, L. Wu, T. Beetz, R.F. Klie, M. Beleggia, M. Schofield, S. Schramm, J. Hoffmann, and Y. Zhu, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sciences, 104(34), 13567-13602 (2007)
  3. “Direct measurement of the low temperature spin-state transition in LaCoO3,” F. Klie, J.C. Zheng, Y. Zhu, M. Varela, J. Wu, C. Leighton, Phys. Rev. Lett., 99, 047203 (2007)
  4. “Microstructure and possible strain relaxation mechanisms of La2CuO4+δ thin films grown on LaSrAlO4 and SrTiO3 substrates,“ J.Q. He, F. Klie, G. Logvenov, I. Bozovic, and Y. Zhu, J. Appl. Phys 101, 073906 (2007)